The wet season is a challenging time for keeping hygiene with the risks water borne diseases more than doubling the chances of their outbreak among populations.
As Uganda braces itself for the continued rise in the amounts of rainfall for the 2019 wet season, here are a few tips to staying clear of water borne diseases during this time.
Water-borne diseases such as typhoid fever, cholera, diarrhoea and Hepatitis A are very common during rainy season, and therefore Ugandans should observe high levels of hygiene.
Ensure to drink boiled water, wash your hands before eating and after visiting the toilet and your surroundings should be clean all the time.
Such diseases are very common among populations with very low latrine coverage, and people that drink water which is contaminated by animal and human faeces.
Waterborne illnesses are caused by recreational or drinking water contaminated by disease-causing microbes or pathogens.
Signs and symptoms of water-borne diseases include, dry mouth, blurred and/or double vision, difficulty swallowing, muscle weakness, difficulty breathing, slurred speech, vomiting and sometimes, diarrhoea. Death is usually caused by respiratory failure.
Although the overall toilet coverage in the country has increased, recent national population and housing census figures released by the Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS), show that 8% of the population stays in households with no toilet facilities.
“Overall eight per cent of households did not have a toilet facility,” the report states. This (8%) represents 2.7m Ugandans out of the 34.6m people in the country.